A web hosting company is one that provides you with a digital space by operating a lot of server computers. But, have you ever stopped to wonder how a web hosting server actually works?
If you are wondering how it operates, read further to find out all of the information that you need to know about it.
At the End of the Day, It is Just a Computer
You might think that the server is something really, really special, but at the end of the day, it is still just a computer (but a powerful one at that). It basically has all of the components that are akin to desktop computers with the exception that the parts are made to last for a longer time. That is because server computers are meant to operate without shutting down the computer and that is why they are more expensive.
You can technically buy your own server computer, but for that to happen, you need to have the necessary capital and funds for overhead to acquire and maintain such a computer, respectively.
Server Operating Systems
If you have some knowledge about computers, you know that an operating system would have to be installed in order for you to fully utilize the power that a computer has. That is because an operating system (or simply just OS for short), creates the interface between the applications and the physical computer. That being said, two of the most popular operating systems that are used in the server environment are Linux and Windows; with the former being the most common one. The reason why Linux is the preferred operating system of the two is that the said OS is open-source, which means that it runs well with non-proprietary software. Plus, Linux can be used absolutely for free and is the go-to standard for server computers.
The other operating system in question is Windows. Although not as popular as Linux servers, servers that run on Windows are actually pretty good and would require some technical knowledge if you were to use certain scripts.
Database Management System
Anything that is found on your website- may it be some text, pictures, and other forms of media- will be housed in a storage component. For the server to interface with the storage that the web host uses, it must use a database management system to do that.
The most popular one is MySQL and is typically used on Linux machines. It is a powerful, open-source tool that handles even the most complex of databases and is usually offered by many web hosts all over the world. In fact, MySQL is powerful yet easy to use that content management systems like Drupal and WordPress are using it.
Most web hosting providers use Linux as their server operating system of choice and that is why you would normally see the LAMP stack being used. LAMP is just an acronym that stands for Linux Apache MySQL and PHP. Linux is used as an operating system, Apache is used for the webserver, MySQL for the database, and PHP as the main scripting language for applications.