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They require a closed circuit for the electrons to pass. An electrical circuit supplies a complete, sealed electrical power path. A circuit’s components consist of a charge or resistance; cables, and a toggle. The energy supply may be either a battery, a photocell or an electric generator. The charge is the part of the circuit which uses the electricity. Circuit load also gives some resistance to electron leakage. Energy is thus transformed into heat, light, or mechanical power. The turn is an electric circuit which is used to keep electrons from flowing. This is classified as open circuit

2 forms of energy circuits exist, the series and the parallel circuit.

Series CircuitComponent Failure Analysis | Series And Parallel Circuits ...

There is only one direction to a series circuit for all the electricity to move (see series circuit image). The only downside of a series circuit is that when there is a gap throughout the circuit the entire circuit is open and that there is no running current. An illustration of a sequence will be the lights on several cheap Christmas light trees. If there is one light going out both of them do.

Parallel Circuit

The numerous parts of the electric circuit work in a continuous circuit on many separate sections. The electrons will pass along many different pathways. If a split occurs in one section of the circuit electrons could still move in other sections. In a reverse circuit the house is wired and if one light bulb dies out the other can remain up.

Circuits In Houses

You’ll find the majority of outlets in your house have 3 prongs. There are three cables, attached to the socket. Pair of the wires run in parallel and contain an electrical potential of 120 volts or 220 volts. The last wire connects to the ground. The shortest route of electrons to Earth is provided by a wire attached to the underside. This third wire holds no current. The wire is only a security measure against short circuits. A short circuit is where an incident occurs causing electricity inside the circuit to follow a shorter path. Such circuits have lower resistance and thus greater current movement. When the potentially high wire contacts the other metal surface of an equipment or device, the whole circuit would draw voltage and send a shock to the flesh of the person touching on the surface with any of their hands on it. The ground wire with a shorter cable provides a protection benefit, since it can stream to the ground instead of the current running through the device.

Types of Protection Devices - Electrical Energy World

Circuit Protection

Your home makes only too much use of electricity at a time. Most homes can require up to 150 amps to reach the entire house through one time , depending on the electrical wiring, these are split among several circuits. In a household the normal voltage is 15 to 20 watts. More current flowing through the wire would heat them up which could cause a fire. Hence, it is important to provide devices that can interrupt the electrical current whenever the voltage exceeds huge. A fuse is also an equipment popular in many homes. A small strip of metal is inside the fuse. If the current that passes through it becomes too strong, the thin strip would dissolve so this will allow the circuit to collapse. Omron electronic components do have a safety feature such as fuse to further improve the safety of your household appliances and residents.